Wong & So (2014) conducted an investigation on internet gambling involvement and pathological gambling among Hong Kong adolescents aged 12–19 years, which findings were published in 2014. In this study, the diagnostic and statistical manual (4th edition) multiple response format for juveniles (DSM-IV-MR-J) (Fisher in J Gambl Stud 16:253–273, 2000) was filled by 1,004 students (597 boys, 407 girls) recruited by random selection of classes. The response rate was 86.6 %. Results indicate that more respondents participated in land-based gambling than Internet gambling (63.5 vs. 3.5 %) but online gamblers are 1.5 and 3.2 times more likely to develop pathological and at-risk gambling than non-Internet gamblers. Using the DSM-IV-MR-J criteria, 5.7 and 22.9 % of the Internet gamblers could be classified as at-risk gamblers and pathological gamblers, respectively. Majority (94.3 %) wagered online at home, and 91.4 % made their first bet before 18 years. Many perceived Internet gambling as a trendy (71.4 %) and safe entertainment (54.3 %). Problematic Internet gambling was significantly associated with the male gender, school grades, online gambling frequency, amount wagered and a gambling family environment. Survey results have implications for gambling research and preventive programs.
Wong & So於2014年發表了一份就香港12至19歲青少年的互聯網賭博活動和病態賭博的研究報告。該項研究透過隨機抽班方法，徵得1,004名學生（597名男生，407名女生） 填寫 《青少年賭博行為量表》（DSM-IV-MR-J）（Fisher, 2000），回應率為86.6％。結果顯示，參與傳統 (非互聯網) 賭博的受訪者比參與互聯網賭博的受訪者更多（63.5％對3.5％），但網絡賭客成為危機賭徒及病態賭徒的風險比非網絡賭客更高(為1.5倍和3.2倍)。根據DSM-IV-MR-J標準，5.7％和22.9％的網絡賭客可分別被識別為危機賭徒和病態賭徒。受訪的網絡賭客大多數（94.3％）在家中網上下注 ，91.4％在18歲前首次網上下注，60％在12歲前首次網上下注，他們大多視互聯網賭博為潮流（71.4％）和安全（54.3％）的娛樂。結果顯示，有問題的互聯網賭博與性別(男性)、(較高)年級、網上賭博頻率、投注額以及家中賭博環境顯著相關。該調查結果對賭博研究和防賭計劃有所啟示。
Wong, I. L. K., & So, E. M. T. (2014). Internet Gambling Among High School Students in Hong Kong. Journal of Gambling Studies, 30(3), 565-576. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-013-9413-6